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Tamil Nadu Travel Guide

ABOUT TAMIL NADU

Tamil Nadu is measured as the entrance to South India and is also the educational core of India. Home to frequent antique temples famed for their superb arts and tombs, Tamil Nadu is also a accepted tourist site for thousands of visitors from the world over. BOOK ON TIPS takes you on a unforgettable journey through this stunning state with a wide range of Tamil Nadu tour packages.

Whether on a relaxed holiday or a holy pilgrimage, the tour packages for Tamil Nadu cater to every need and fondness. They can be tailor made to ideally suit your necessity as per your choice of period and objective. Besides, Tamil Nadu tour packages also wholly take care of your housing needs enhancing that you get the possible home-like soothe during your tours to Tamil Nadu.

 

PHYSIOGRAPHY

The Eastern and Western ghats conside in Tamil nadu and run along its eastern and western boundaries. All of Tamil Nadu's renowned hill stations, i.e Udhagamandalam, Kodaikanal, Kothagiri and Yercaud are located in this area. The 25km ample Palakkad gap and Shencottah gap are the only breaks into the long chain of hills that bedows western Tamil Nadu. Complementary with the low rocky hills of the Eastern ghats, the hills of the Western ghats have thick forests. This area receives rich rainfall and the scenic valleys of Cumbum and Pollachi are dotted with plantations of tea, coffee and spices. However, the upper reaches of the Eastern ghats are not without their share of beauty and Yercaud in the Shevaroy hills is well-known for its fruit orchards and banana and coffee plantations. Cinchona from which quinine - a drug to fight from malaria - is extracted, and eucalyptus produce abundantly in the Nilgiris. Forests of medicinal herbs are found in Palani hills and Courtallam. Palmyrah trees grow by the thousands in Tirunelveli and its goods are used as raw materials for several cottage industries. Rubber is the main plantation crop in Kanniyakumari and the more exotic sandalwood grows, though not in very large numbers, in the Javadhu hills of Vellore district. The perennial river of the state is the Cauveri which originates in Coorg in the neighbouring Karnataka.

 

BEST TIME VISIT

Being a tropical land, there is hardly a sharp dissimilarity between the summer and winter temperatures in Tamil Nadu. The months of April and May are the hottest with the mercury hovering around the 40 C mark while the mercury remains around 20-22 degree C in the winter months. In comparison to most parts of India, Tamil Nadu gets most of its rain from the North East Monsoons. Thus, the best/ideal time to visit Tamil Nadu is between October to February, when the weather conditions remain enjoyable and captivating.

 

FAIRS & FESTIVALS

Festivals in Tamil Nadu are celebrated with great pomp and show. Some of the well-known festivals celebrated here are, Pongal, Kanthuri, Chithrai, Mahamagam and many more.

  • The Harvest Festival 'Pongal' : Pongal, known as the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu, is one of the most broadly notable festivals in Tamil Nadu. This festival is celebrated to enlarge honor to the Sun, Nature and the Cattle assets for helping farmers with a rich harvest and opulence. The conventional dish of 'Pongal' i.e. boiling rice with jaggery and milk, is prepared at every home. On the day of Pongal, families get together around a new earthen pot, at dawn time. As the pot of milk boils over, signifying opulence, a shout of "Pongalo Pongal" fills the air. This thanks- giving festival is celebrated on the first day of the Tamil Month Thai (Middle of January).
  • Chithirai Festival at Madurai : The venue of Chithirai Festival is the renowned Madurai temple, 500 kms. from Chennai. This festival starts from the commencement of the Tamil month Chithirai, and ends on the tenth day of the month. Madurai presents an amazing re-enactment of the marriage of the Pandiyan princess Meenakshi to Lord Sundareswarar. One can onlooker an ancient fable unfold right before one's eyes as Lord Vishnu rides to his sister's wedding on glinting real-gold horse chariot. The celebration is filled with pleasure and enthusiasm.
  • Dance Festivals At Mamallapuram : The Dance Festival starts on the 25th of December every year and is held on all Saturdays. There are open air stages build around 13 centuries ago. The implausible monumental rock sculptures of the Pallavas are positioned next to the sea in this ancient city of Mamallapuram. This event is a treat for those who love dance. Bharatha Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Odissi dance performances are presented by the best of classical dancers.
  • The Natyanjail Dance Festivals : This festival starts from the day of Mahashivarathri for 5 days at Chidambaram which is located along the coast of the Bay of Bengal, 75 kms. south of Pondicherry. The temple city of Chidambaram pays special compliment to Lord Nataraja the 'Cosmic dancer'. The temple is set in a truly heavenly atmosphere. The Chidambaram's gold-roofed temple, with pillars, depict Lord Nataraja in 108 poses from Bharatha Natyam, Tamil Nadu's classical dance.
  • The Mahamagam Festival : Mahamagam festival is a sacred festival that brings one to Kumbakonam once in 12 years, the city of temples that gets its name from "Kumbha", the divine pot. According to the mythology, Brahma, the originator, held a pot containing nectar and the seed of creation. Shiva. in the form of a hunter shot an arrow at the pot, so spilling the nectar into the prominent Mahamagam tank at the Adi Kumbeswarar Temple.
  • The Aurbathimoovar Festival : The word 'Arubathimoovar' factually refers to the 63 saints of Shiva overestimated for leading worthy lives of devotion and reparation. Bronze figures of these 63 saints decorate the wonderful Kapaliswar Temple at Mylapore, Chennai. Once, every year, they are carried in a colorful procession through the streets of Mylapore.
  • The Saral Vizha ( Kuttalm or Courtallm ) : This festival is nothing more than a celebration of a simple, daily ritual bathing. and indeed, a bath at the charming Courtallam waterfalls is no normal event. The healing waters of the loud Courtallam are famous for their medicinal properties.
  • The Kanthuri Festival : The Kanthuri festival is truly a sacred festival, where devotees get together at the shrine of saint Quadirwali. It is believed to do equal good to people of all faiths. One of the offspring of the Saint is chosen as a Peer or religious leader and is honored with offerings. The tenth day of the festival, is the day when Saint's tomb is anointed with sandalwood and later the holy sandal paste, famed for its healing powers, is spread to everyone.

 

FLORA & FAUNA

Tamil Nadu is popular in flora and fauna and some of its foremost wildlife sanctuaries like Mudumalai, Anaimalai(Indira Gandhi W.S), Madras Crocodile Bank trust, Guindy national park, etc, are located in the hills of the Western ghats providing home to elephants, tigers, bisons and a diversity of monkeys and deers. There are more than 3000 plant type found in Tamil Nadu, out of which a majority are found in the mixed deciduous forests of this region.

 

HOW TO REACH
  • By Air : The chief airport of Tamil Nadu is around 16 kms away from the capital city of the state, Chennai. The Anna International Airport is one of the most important airports of India and is well-linked to a number of other countries such as Sri Lanka, Dubai, Germany, Jakarta, Malaysia, England, Maldives, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore. Almost all the major cities of India are also connected to Tamil Nadu through the Anna International Airport.
  • By Rail : Almost all the cities of Tamil Nadu are linked to each other as well as the rest of the country via an effective network of railways.
  • By Road : Well-maintained roads connect the different cities of Tamil Nadu to each other as well as the other provinces of India.

 

THE MAJOR PLACES IN TAMIL NADU
  • Chennai : The capital of Tamil Nadu, is one of the four major metropolitan cities in India and main centre of this area. In the early 17th century, Madraspatnam was the small fishing village along the cooum and Adyur rivers flowed towards the coromandel coast and into the Bay of Bengal. Chennai is a city that never hurries. Compared with India's other major cities, Chennai is quiet backwater, traditional in its way, with consierable significance placed on old fashioned values and traditions.
  • Kanchipuram : Kanchipuram is lies towards 76 kms Southwest of the Chennai. This golden city of thousand temple is one of the seven most sacred cities of India. Kanchi is also called Varanasi of the south" and is held in great admiration. Kanchipuram was the capital of succesive south India dynasties beginning with pallavas, the Cholas, and the Rayas of Vijayanagar. During the 6th and 7th centuries, the Pallavas built some of the best temples in the city.
  • Mahabalipuram : Mahabalipuram also known as Mamallapuram, this coastal town was a well-known sea port founded by Pallavan king in the 17 th century. This city is famed for its seven pagodas - a group of ancient rock temples, which are examples of the Dravidian style of structural design. At the mouth of the river palar on a huge granite hall about 1km in length from north to south, is the location of many monuments.
  • Chidambaram : If you travel 245 kms away from Chennai, you will reach Chidambaram, also known as the 'City of the Cosmic Dancer' or called as Thillai. Chidambaram is an vital target for followers of the Hindu god Shiva and supporter of the fearsome, frenzied Tandav Nritya or the dance of obliteration. At the centre of the town is the huge Natraj Temple (the dancing Shiva)' in his cosmic dance pose is known through out the world.
  • Madurai : Madurai is also one of the ancient most citis of India. The name "Madurai" is said to be dishonesty of mathuram,"nector", a name given to the city after a drop of nector fell from Shiv's hair. Madurai is great temple town and renowned for its Meenakashi temple located on the banks of river Vaigai. Madurai has a rich educational heritage, which is more than 2500 years old. The city is believed to have been built by the Pandyan King, Kulasekara in the 6th century BC.
  • Coimbatore : Coimbatore is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu after Chennai and Madurai. It's a lot like the rest of industrial India in spirit but without the grey smoke-urban slump flavour. amazingly, it's a pleasant mix of busy activity and small town ease despite being the business center of textile and automobile industries in South India. it is also known as the 'Manchester of South India'.
  • Kodaikanal : About 120 kms from Madurai, situated this picturesque hill station in Tamil Nadu, well-known for 'The Kurinji flower', which blossoms once in 12 years. Set 2100 metres above sea level, Kodaikanal is a accepted hill station retreat in South India. The cool climates of Kodai offer holiday makers respite from the steamy plains of Tamil Nadu and other neighbouring states. Encompassed by verdant slopes that are punctuated by waterfalls and cascades, Kodaikanal presents some awesome scenic views of the plains below. the natural beauty of Kodai. There are prepared walks through the eucalyptus and blue gum forests that are great for the heart, mind and lungs.
  • Ooty : Ootacamund most popularly known as Ooty. It is mostly referred to as the Queen of the Southern Hills stations. located in the midst of four high hills; Doddabetta, Snowdon, Elk hill and Club Hill. .It drives its name from the Niligiri or the Blue Mountains - the name to the Hills by the population for more than 850 years because of the blue haze of clouds which cover the hill slopes. Hill slopes oblique in a abundance of wild flowers, plantations of cardamom and tea, and eucalyptus forests take over the landscape.
  • Rameshwaram : Rameshwaram is an island located on the tip of the Indian peninsula and the most sacred temple town of India is an island sanctified by the epic Ramayana. It is the place from where Lord Rama had built a bridge across the sea to rescue his spouse Sita.This is the place where Rama worshipped Lord Shiva and erected lingam to wash away the peccadillo of Ravana. Both the Vaishnavites and Shaivites visit this pilgrimage city.
  • Thanjavur (Tanjore) : Thanjavur, or Tanjore as the Britishs called it, is a verdant paddy district. Now a small city in the state of Tamil Nadu, it rose to splendor during the Chola period from the 10th century to the 14th, when it came to be the centre of art and education. The Cholas built lengthily during this period and 74 of their temples are still standing. As the centre of cultural progress Thanjavur involved master craftsmen, and it still continues to produce attractive handcrafted ware.
  • Trichy (Tiruchirapalli) : One of the most famous temple town located on the banks of the Cauvery river, 325 kms away from Chennai, this city is known for its historic temple structural design, blend of history and tradition as well as pilgrim centre. Historically, trichys prosperty was connected to the fortunes of South Inida's ruling dynasties. The city generally associated with the Chola's , The Pallavas, Pandyans and Nayaks.
  • Kanyakumari : Kanyakumari – is the land's end of India where the water of the Arabian Sea , the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean meet. It is noted for its stunning beaches and impressive sunrises and sunsets. An important pilgrim centre of India.
  • Pondicherry : Pondicherry is located on the Coromandel Coast of South India, about 160 kms south of Chennai.It is touched by the Bay of Bengal on the east and on the other three sides by the South Arcot District of Tamil Nadu. Pondicherry comprises the towns of Karaikal, on the east coast; Mahe, which is located on the Malabar Coast, and Yanam, situated further up the east coast. Pondicherry a former french commune and a regional town.

 

BEACHES IN TAMIL NADU
  • Pondicherry has a attractive beach, which is about 1.5 Kms long. One can relax, sunbathe, swim, or take a stroll along the walkway. The beach has historical connections too.

 

BOAT HOUSE IN TAMIL NADU
  • Amenities for boating are accessible at the Boat House on the River Chunnambar. The backwaters and the lush greenery on both sides of the Chunnambar River offer an ideal setting for boating tours. Boats are available for hire by tourists on all days of the week.

 

SRI AUROBINDO ASHRAM :
Sri Aurobindo Ashram, located in the eastern part of Pondicherry. A tour of this samadhi of Shri Aurobindo and his chief follower, the Mother is worth making. It is not only a quiet place of retreat but also a vivacious center of life.

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