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Kerala Travel Guide

ABOUT KERALA

Kerala is one of the beautiful states of the world, which is located in India near the Western Ghats. Popularly known for its beautiful Back waters, Kerala is also called the god's own land. Kerala is known for its natural beauty and scenic view.

Kerala is also rich for its natural resources which are very beneficial for the economy of Kerala. The culture of Kerala is very different as compared to the other states of India. There are many communities in Kerala which live in harmony like Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Christians and other religions.

 

PHYSIOGRAPHY

Kerala is divided into three geographical regions -

  • Highlands
  • Midlands
  • Lowlands

The Highlands slope down from the Western Ghats (also known as the Sahyadri) which rise to an average height of 900m, with a number of peaks well over 1800 m in height. It is 18650 sq.km in area and accounts for 48 percent of the total land area of Kerala. The Midlands, lying between the mountains and the lowlands, is made up of undulating hills and valleys. It is 16200 sq.km in area ie, about 40 percent of the total land area. This is an area of intensive cultivation. Cashew, coconut, arecanut, tapioca, banana and vegetables of different varieties are grown in this area. Lowlands are also known as the Coastal Area. It covers an area of almost 4000 sq.km. It is made up of numerous shallow lagoons known locally as kayels, river deltas, backwaters and shores of the Arabian sea and is essentially a land of coconuts and rice. This area is very fertile and most of the paddy cultivation is along this area. Kuttanad region of Kerala is one of the very few places in India where cultivation is done below sea level. Water is the main mode of transportation in these areas.

 

BEST TIME VISIT

Kerala is a beautiful state of India and an ideal place to visit anytime of the year. In Kerala, weather and climate is pleasant throughout the year and the vast green expanse keeps the heat in control. With pleasant weather throughout the year, this beautiful place can be visited anytime without any hassles.

 

FAIRS & FESTIVALS
  • Aaranmula Boat Race : The Aaranmula Boat Race is staged each year in the scenic village of Aaranmula in August/ September. This river carnival is part of the Aaranmula Temple festival. Masses throng the shores of the River Pamba to watch an imposing cluster of snake boats called 'Palliyodams'.
  • Attachamayam : The festival of Attachamayam is held on the Atham day of the Malayalam month of Chingam (August/ September), at the historical town of Tripunithura, near Kochi. It is a celebration of a legendary victory of the Raja of Kochi.
  • Cochin Carnival : Cochin Carnival is a merry making feast observed during the last week of every year in Fort Kochi in Kerala. The carnival dates back to the Portuguese New Year revelry held here during the colonial days.
  • Easter : The Oachira Temple is the venue of the famous Oachirakkali (Oachira dance) held in June, a sort of ancient choreographed mock battle. Unlike other temples, there is no shrine or idol at the oachira temple, located nearly 32 kms from Kollam.
  • Onam Festival : Onam, the harvest festival is the most popular festival of Kerala. A festival that celebrates a happy blend of myth and reality, Onam is part of the cultural repertoire of every Malayalee.
  • Indira Gandhi Boat Race : Indira Gandhi Boat Race is a grand fest on the rolling backwaters of Kochi. Conducted in the last week of December, it is a fitting finale to the Tourism Fair, which attracts travellers from all parts of the globe.
  • Jagannatha Festival : Jagannatha Festival is a colourful eight-day festival, which is held in the Malayalam month of Kumbham (February/ March) at the Jagannatha Temple at Madathiparambu, near Thalassery in Kannur.
  • Malabar Mahotsava : Malabar Mahotsavam is a cultural extravaganza that showcases the centuries old rich cultural heritage of Kerala. The event is at Mananchira maidan (ground) in the heart of Kozhikode town from 13th to 16th January every year.
  • Nehru Trophy Boat Race : Nehru Trophy Boat Race is the most famous of the boat races of Kerala. This annual regatta is held on the Punnamada Backwaters of Alappuzha district on the second Saturday of August.
  • Sabarimala Festival : The Sabarimala Temple festival is celebrated in honour of Lord Ayyapa who is revered by all in India. Sabarimala is a renowned pilgrim centre atop the rugged hills of the Western Ghats. This holy shrine is dedicated to Lord Ayappa.

 

FLORA & FAUNA

The Western Ghats represent one of the World's 18 hot spots of bio-diversity and is considered to be a repository of endemic, rare and endangered flora and fauna. The state's riverine and montane rain forests, tropical deciduous forests, and upland temperate grasslands are inhabited by an extraordinary variety of plant and animal life which include the sambar deer, gaur (wild bison), Nilgiri tahr, elephant, leopard, tiger, bonnet monkey, the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Hanuman and Nilgiri langurs, spectacled and king cobras, peafowl, and hornbill. Kerala houses over 25% of India's 15,000 plant species.

 

HOW TO REACH
  • By Air : Kerala is connected to all metro Cities through air route as it has a number of airports all throughout the state in different cities.
  • By Train : Kerala is also connected to different states through trains with one of India's largest and strongest railway network.
  • By Road : Kerala is connected to major states of India through a variety of national highways.

 

THE MAJOR PLACES IN KERALA
  • Alappuzha : Alappuzha is tucked in between Kottayam and Pathanamthitta in the east, Ernakulum in the north and Kollam on the south, the district opens out onto the vast expanse of the Lakshadweep Sea on the west.
  • Cherai : The beach is located at a distance of 35 kilometers from the beautiful city of Cochin. The beach is also located at a distance of 45 kilometers from the Ernakulum city and is surrounded by the Vypeen Island.
  • Devikulam : Located an altitude of 1800 m above sea level, the hill resort of Devikulam is 16 km southwest of Munnar in the state of Kerala.
  • Idukki : The Asia's first and the world's second great arch dam is in Idukki. Idukki is one of the major tourist attraction of Kerala for it is fully loaded with nature.
  • Kumarakom : Kumarakom is actually a cluster of islands on the Vembanad Lake. Kumarakom is of interest to the ornithologists for this part of backwater section boasts of a bird sanctuary. This fascinating water world also exhibits a rich flora and fauna and is marked as one of the important Aqua Tourism destination.
  • Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary : The Kumarakom bird sanctuary known as the ornithologist's paradise sprawls over an area of about 101 acres along the Vembanad Lake at a distance of about 12kms from Kottayam in Kerala.
  • Kovalam : Kovalam beach is located at a distance of about 13 km from Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala. Kovalam means a grove of coconut trees and true to its name the village offers an endless sight of coconut trees.
  • Munnar : Munnar is situated at an altitude of about 1520 meters above sea level and is concentrated more towards the eastern part of Kerala. It also takes the pride of housing the highest peak of Anaimudi.
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary : Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kumily, in the Idukki district of Kerala.
  • Alleppey : Alleppey the ayurvedic and the backwater country is popularly referred as the Venice of the East. Alleppey with its intricate structure of interconnecting passages of canals and bridges along with the silver beach, makes for a memorable holiday for anybody visiting this place.
  • Wayanad : Wayanad is situated in the Kerala border at a distance of 76 km. from the sea shores of Kozhikode and at an altitude of about 2100 to 7000 feet above sea level. Wayanad, the most verdant place is fully covered with green growth and is enriched with plantations, forests and wildlife.

The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary : The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is at a distance of about 18 km east of Sultan Bathery.This sanctuary extends into two regions of Kerala namely Cannanore in the north and Calicut in the South.

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