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JHANSI (INDIA)

STATE :- UTTAR PRADESH

 

DISTANCE

 

CONNECTION
  • By Air : The nearest airports are located in Gwalior, about 97 km. from Jhansi.
  • By Rail : Jhansi is well connected by an excellent railway network with all other major cities. The nearest railway station for Deogarh is Jakhalaun, about 13 km, which can be reached by Jhansi-Babina passenger train.
  • By Road : Jhansi is well connected with a good network of roads. Jhansi is located on the National Highways 25 and 26. It is also connected with all major cities like Orchha, Datia, Khajuraho, Agra, Lucknow and Delhi.

 

ABOUT JHANSI

The very name of Jhansi brings us a vivid picture of its great queen Rani Lakshmibai and her undying spirit of patriotism. Popularly known as "Jhansi ki Rani", her saga of heroic battle against the foreign rule has inspired many generations after her and is still an inspiration for us. Though glorified by the daughter of its soil later in its history, the name Jhansi finds its origin in a legendary tale, ascribed to a seventeenth century king of the Orchha state. According to the story, the king on seeing a shadow on a hillock from a far off place, uttered the word 'Jhain-si', which meant 'a kind of shadow' in local vernacular, and thus the region came to be known as Jhansi. Later he built a fort there, with is now known as Jhansi Fort.

The recorded history of the area presently known as Jhansi begins, probably, in the ninth century, when it was ruled by Rajput Chandela dynasty of Khajuraho. When Khangars acceded to the throne in place of Chandelas, they built a fort in Karar, an area lying close to the present city. The history of Jhansi took a new turn with the arrival of Bundelas in the fourteenth century who soon spread out in a vast area now known as Bundelkhand.

The Mughal forces made several attempts to bring Bundelas under their subjugation, but with the help of the Marathas, they managed to remain independent from their control. The Marathas were awarded with a part of their dominions in lieu of their aid, and the modern city of Jhansi came under the control of the Peshwas. They took necessary steps to populate the city from nearby areas and carry out their development plan here. After the defeat of the Marathas against the British, the Peshwas had to transfer their rights over Jhansi to the British East India Company in 1817. When the Raja of Jhansi died in 1853, he left no heir to the throne, and British tried to annex his kingdom under the garb of a law known as the Doctrine of Lapse. This move angered Rani Lakshmibai, the widow of the deceased king, and thus the stage for the first battle of independence was set.

 

PLACES OF INTERESTS IN JHANSI
  • Jhansi Fort : The Jhansi fort was built by King Bir Singh Judeo of Orchha in the 17th century on the top of a hill, as an army stronghold. The Jhansi Fort offers excellent views from its ramparts. The British ceded the fort to Maharaja Scindia in 1858 but later exchanged it for Gwalior in 1866. The fort has been a witness to the fiery battle led by Queen Laxmi Bai. The fort consists of a tier of ramparts which varies in height from 5.5 m to 9 m. They are built of solid masonry and have ten gates: Khanderao, Datia, Unao, Orchha, Baragaon, Lakshmi, Sagar, Sainyar, Bhander and Jhirna. The breach made by the British under Sir Huge Rose is between the Sainyar and Jhirna gates. There is a temple inside the fort which is attended by a priest. There are beautiful temples of Lord Shiva and Ganesha inside the fort. The Karak Biji and Bhawani Shankar cannons of the queen are also kept here.
  • Rani Mahal : The palace of Queen Laxmi Bai or Rani Mahal is a fine piece of traditional architecture, which has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and the 12th century AD and the sculptures excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. On the first floor of the palace, decorative murals grace the ceiling as they used to do it when they resided here after the British annexed her kingdom.
  • Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao : The chhatri or cenotaph of Gangadhar Rao, the Rani Laxmi Bai's husband stands in a walled enclosure. This cenotaph is centred around a pavilion and devoid of frescoes. It has a quiet and nostalgic feet about it. A door leads to a reservoir or tank where local men bathe.
  • Jhansi Museum : Weapons, statues, dresses and photographs that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture galley, are the main features of the Government museum. The Museum's folk art gallery is fascinating with its exhibits of finger painting from the walls of village huts.
  • Deogarh : Deogarh is situated about 123 kms. from Jhansi. Deogarh is situtated on the right bank of the Betwa river, at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills. It is of great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance. It remained in glory during the region of the Guptas, the Gondas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, the Muslim rulers of Delhi, the Marathas and the British. The architecture and sculptures of these temples display a high level of craftsmanship. The great Gupta dynasty of the 4th and 5th century AD, fortified Deogarh and built the hand crafted Dashavatar Temple. This fine temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and the earliest known Panchayatan temple in North India. The Guptas have left an indelible stamp on the sculptural art and architecture of India and this temple is among their best.
  • Mahoba : Mahoba is situated about 140 km from Jhansi, and associated with the Chandela kings who ruled over Bundelkhand between the 9th and the 12 centuries. Mahoba is believed to have been existed under the different names in all the successive cycles through which the world has passed. Mahoba is said to be derived from a great sacrifice, performed by its reputed founder the Chandela Raja Chandra Varma in 800 AD. Mahoba was also a prominent cultural centre. Ballads praise its days of glory and narrate the inspiring saga of Alha and Udal, the two legendary warrior brothers who sacrificed their lives for the honour of their land. The Chandelas constructed four lakes in Mahoba. These lakes are Madan Sagar, Vijay Sagar, Kalyan Sagar and Kirat Sagar. The Ram Kund lake marks the place where the dynasty's founder died and on an island in Madan Sagar, the main lake, stands a Shiva temple that belongs to the 12th century. The shores of the lakes and the islands are littered with ruined temples, large rock figures, Buddhist and Jain sculptures, a dancing Ganesh of whitewashed, a sun temple dedicated to Surya and a vast figure of Siva cut into the rock. There are various temples, besides the numerous lakes that dot the rocky islets. The Sun Temple at Rahila lies to the west of Rahila Sagar, an artificial lake credited to Chandela ruler Rahila, who ruled between 890 to 910 A.D. Though in a ruined state today, the temple is a fine example of early Pratihara architecture in the area. Maniya Dev Temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity of the Chandelas and stands on the bank of Madan Sagar.

 

RELIGIOUS PLACES IN JHANSI
  • Shiva Temple : This ancient Shiva temple within the Jhansi fort stands as an example of blending of Maratha and Bundella styles of architecture. The Shiva- linga (idol) enshrined here is made of granite. Jhansi is the gateway to Bundelkhand and the fort was made by Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha on the top of Bangara hills.The fort stands as a mute witness to the valor of the Queen Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi popularly known as Jhansi ki Rani. Jhansi is a must seen travel destination in the state of Uttar Pradesh. This city has its own story to tell about the freedom struggle of India.
  • Maha Lakshmi Temple : Maha Lakshmi Temple an ancient temple devoted to Devi Mahalaxmi was built in 18th Century. This glorious temple is situated outside Laxmi "Darwaza" near Laxmi Tal.Maha Lakshmi Temple is the far-famed ancient place of worship which is dedicated to the deity goddesses Devi Mahalaxmi.

 

WHEN TO GO JHANSI

Any time can visit Jhasi but best time to visit is October to March.

 

WEATHER FORECAST
  • Summers (April to June) have hot sun with temperatures keeping at a high level of 34°C to 47°C. Typically travelers avoid this period for visit to Jhansi.
  • Monsoons (July to September) are with less rainfalls, weather is hot and should be avoided for visit to Jhansi.
  • Winters (November to February) are pleasant and cold; the mercury levels can drop to 4°C during this season. This is an ideal climate for those who like cool ambiance.

 

EVENTS AND FESTIVALS IN JHANSI

November is very attractive with a unique Ayurvedic fair, Ayurved Jhansi Mahotsava, which displays many rare Ayurvedic products made in Jhansi.

In October, Deepavali is celebrated with much gaiety and festivities.

In February- March, Holi is celebrated in Jhansi with lot of enthusiasm. A cultural festival named as Jhansi festival is very attractive during this period.

 

FOOD AND RESTURANTS IN JHANSI

The food specialties in Jhansi are wide, ranging in variety, taste and flavour. Different cities have their own styles of preparing the strong flavoured food items with exotic gravies. The base for most authentic dishes is prepared by a mixture of onion, garlic, ginger, tomatoes and a number of spices. Puri-Aloo and Kachori are among the most famous vegetarian dishes and considered necessary during festivities. Meat delicacies and Biryanis (rice preparations) of Awadh are world famous.

Navbharat Bakery shop, Raj Palace, Jodhpur Mithai Bhandar, Hot Bite, Janack's, Haveli Restaurant, Palki Restaurant.

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