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JAGANNATH PURI (INDIA)

STATE :-  ORISSA

 

DISTANCE

  • 557 KM From Kolkata
  • 125 KM From Brahmapur

 

CONNECTION
  • By Air : The nearest airport to Puri is in Bhubaneswar which is situated at a distance of around 56 Km. It receives flights from all important cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore and Chennai. From the airport, there is regular bus and taxi service to Puri.
  • By Rail : Puri has its own railhead which is one of the most important stations in East India. It has connections from all major cities of India.
  • By Road : Puri has good road network and is connected to all the major cities of Orissa. Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa is just 56 Km from Puri. State transport buses ply to and from all parts of the state.

 

ABOUT JAGANNATH PURI

Puri is one of the four holy dhams of the Hindu religion and the revered seat of Lord Jagannath. The city of Puri, surged by the waters of the Bay of Bengal and enclosed by beautiful beaches, is stationed at a distance of 60 km from Bhubaneshwar, the state’s capital. It lies on the eastern coastline of peninsular India and is applauded for its pristine and lovely beaches. Puri was included in the kingdom of Kalinga, created by Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire in 260 BC. The Sabaras, a tribe part of pre-Aryan and pre-Dravidian Austric linguistic group, lived in this region which came under the British rule in 1803. The Raja of Khurda revolted in 1804 which lead to peasant mutiny in 1817-18. The other event in the history of the city worth mentioning is famine of 1866 which caused countless deaths in Puri.

 

PLACES OF INTERESTS IN JAGANNATH PURI
  • Puri Beach : Puri's white sand beach is a gorgeous place, characterised by its sheer simplicity, the sweets and snacks hawkers, the nice and warm people, and the widespread white sand where the waters from Bay of Bengal wash the beach. Long relaxing walks and the enjoyable boat rides give one an immense pleasure.
  • Balighai : The Casuarina fringed Balighai beach is a famous picnic spot. The Sun and fun at the mouth of the river Nuanai is unforgettable.
  • Beleswar : 20 K.M. from Puri in Puri-Konark road lies the famous Lord Shiva Temple . It is near the sea beach, a beautiful picnic spot.
  • Raghurajpur : The artists' village of Raghurajpur , 16 km from Puri , is famous for its Pattachitras created by traditional chitrakaras , who have for centuries , also churned out palm-leaf etchings with exquisite detail . Quite a few of the craftsmen are winners of national awards.

 

RELIGIOUS PLACES IN JAGANNATH PURI
  • Puri Jagannath Temple : The temple of Lord Jagannath ('Lord of the Universe') at Puri is one of the most sacred pilgrimage spots in India, one of the four abodes (dhamas) of the divine that lie on the four directions of the compass. The present temple structure was built in the twelfth century by the Ganga king, Chodagangadeva, replacing an earlier structure which probably dated to the tenth century.
  • Gundicha Mandir : This temple is located at the end of Grad road (the main road) about 3-km northeast of the Jagannatha temple . At the time of the 'Ratha-Yatra' festival , Lord Jagannatha goes to the Gundicha temple and stays there for one week. After one week He returns to His original temple. It is said that the wife of 'Indradyumna', the king who originally established the temple of Jagannatha, was known as "Gundicha". The cleansing of the Gundicha temple takes place the day before the Ratha-Yatra festival as mentioned in "Chaitanya-Caritamrita".
  • Satyabadi (Sakshigopal) : The shrine of Lord Sakshigopal is only 20 kms away from Puri. the sacred feet of Shri Radha can however be only seen on 'Anala nawami' day.
  • Sun Temple of Konark : One of the significant monuments of religious significance and a true masterpiece of architecture, Sun Temple at Konark aptly finds itself listed as a monument of World Heritage. Built in 13th century by King Narasimhadeva, the temple is designed in the shape of a colossal chariot with seven horses and twelve wheels, carrying the sun god, Surya, across heavens. The intricate stone carvings here defy imagination. The name of Konark temple is an amalgamation of two words-Kona meaning corner and Arka meaning the Sun. That is to say that the Sun god worshipped in Ark Kshetra.
  • Baliharachandi : The place situated on the bank of river Bhargavi is famous for the temple of Goddess Baliharchandi, an incarnation of Durga. However it is also a preferred place for a picnic or pleasure trip. The solitude that the place enjoys along with the visual enchantments is a haven for lovers of nature.

 

WHEN TO GO JAGANNATH PURI

Puri has typical tropical climate with pleasant winters, hot and humid summers and heavy rainfalls. The best time to visit this place is therefore from October to April.

WEATHER FORECAST

The summer months from March to May are hot and humid, with temperatures rising to over 39° C. Puri faces the south west monsoon in June, and temperatures fall to around 28° C till October. The rainfall peaks to around 250 mm during July and August, and dips to approximately 127 mm by October. Winter in Puri makes its presence felt from November, when temperatures start falling to maintain an average of 16° centigrade in December and January.

 

EVENTS AND FESTIVALS IN JAGANNATH PURI
  • The Chandan Yatra: celebrating the Hindu New Year. The Snana Yatra, celebrating Lord Jagannath's ritual bath is held on the day of the full moon in June (Jyestha). The original deities are taken out for public viewing. During the Jhulana Yatra, proxy images of the deities are carried out in grand processions for 21 days, to cruise in beautifully decorated boats in the Narmada Tank.
  • Rath Yatra Festival : The Rath Yatra and Nava Kalebara, are the famous festivals of Puri. Both these events are related to the reigning deity, Lord Jagannath. The Nava Kalebara festival is an immensely significant religious ritual, wherein the the idols of the three deities - Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra change their external forms. New idols are carved out of specially sanctified Chandan-Neem trees, within strictly prescribed regulations. The 'daru' (wood) is then transported to the temple in full regalia. At this point the Vishwakarmas (wood sculptors) step in and work for 21 days and nights, in strict secrecy, giving final shape to the idols. The new idols are then enshrined after transferring the 'Brahma' within each idol into their new form. This is again done in strict accordance to the religious norms.
  • Puri Beach Festival is celebrated annually in early November, in Puri.Orissan craft, cuisine and cultural evenings are the highlights of the event.

 

FOOD AND RESTURANTS IN JAGANNATH PURI

With a simple yet delicious cuisine, Puri follows a food pattern that is somewhat similar to the neighboring states. Rice, the staple food is paired with vegetables. Due to their deeply religious culture, most of Oriya people practice vegetarianism. But a significant proportion of population yet relishes fish and other sea food delicacies like prawns, crabs and lobsters that are found in plenty at the vast coastline of the state. Cooked with little or absolutely no oil, Oriya food has a less calorific value.

Honey Bee Bakery & Pizzeria, Xanadu Restaurant , Chung Wah Restaurant , Golden Green Restaurant , Pink House .

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