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Home | Best Indian Travel Guide | Himachal Travel Guide

Himachal Travel Guide

Himachal Pradesh, also known as Devbhumi- Land of gods is one of the beautiful hill stations in India located in the north-west region of Himalayas. It is surrounded by Tibetan Plateau in the East, Jammu & Kashmir in the north and Punjab in the west. Himachal Pradesh is a place for those seeking spiritual and divine beauty. The breath taking places in the state are cultivating apples are jus awesome.

Beauty of the state can be imagined by its vast tracts of high-altitude Trans-Himalayan desert to dense green deodar forests, from apple orchards to cultivated terraces, from snow capped high Himalayan mountain ranges to snow fed lakes and gushing rivers.

 

PHYSIOGRAPHY

The altitude of Himachal Pradesh varies from 350 m to 7000 m above sea level. The physiography of Himachal Pradesh can be divided into three zones. They are the outer Himalayas or the Shivaliks, the inner or the middle Himalayas and the greater Himalayas or the Alpines. The Shivaliks include the districts of Hamirpur, Kangra, Una, Bilaspur, and the lower parts of Solan, Sirmaur and Mandi. The altitude of lower Himalayas ranges between 350 m to 1500 m and the rainfall in this zone ranges between 150 cm to 175 cm. The middle region includes the parts of Sirmaur, Mandi and parts of Kangra, Shimla and Chamba and experiences rainfall between 75 cm to 100 cm. This zone remains under snow for almost give to six months. The Alpine zone is at an altitude of 4,500 m and beyond and comprises of the Kinnnaur and Pangi tehsils of Chamba and some parts of Lahaul and Spiti.

 

BEST TIME VISIT

Himachal Pradesh as a state is a ever green place to visit. Right from freaking summers to chilling winters climate remains soothing year long in Himachal Pradesh.

  • Cold - October to February
  • Hot - March to June
  • Rainy - July to September

Snowfalls can be spot all through out winters and in the starting of rainy seasons.

 

FAIRS & FESTIVALS

Festivals have very important role to play in the state Himachal Pradesh, considered as a land of goddess and god's people here believe in every kind of religion and celebrate all the festivals with a heart of joy. Some of the important festivals of Himachal Pradesh are listed below :

 

FLORA & FAUNA

The southernmost tracts are dominated by sal (Shorea robusta), sisham, chir pine, dry deciduous and moist broad-leafed forests. The temperate region above this grows oaks, deodar, blue pine, fir and spruce. In the uppermost climes, trees are sturdy with a vast network of roots (to help them tide over the weeks of burial under heavy snow). You'll mostly find alders, birches, rhododendrons and moist alpine scrubs in the name of vegetation. The tough rhododendron, by the way, is an amazing plant and of terrific importance in the ecological chain. By attracting insects, which in turn attract birds, it forms a major link in high altitude ecosystems. The rhododendrons you see along the hillsides around Shimla from March to May are breathtakingly beautiful.

 

HOW TO REACH
  • By Air : Himachal Pradesh is connected to all major states of India through a strong Airways connection. Flights to all major cities in Himachal Pradesh can be caught from Delhi, Major Airports in Himachal Pradesh are Jubbarhatti (Shimla), and Gaggal is 14 km from Dharamshala, Bhuntar (Kullu and Manali).
  • By Train : Himachal Pradesh is well connected to all major cities and states in India with a strong Railways network. Important Railway station in Himachal Pradesh is Shimla.
  • By Road : Himachal Pradesh is well connected through road to capital of India (Delhi) and all the major north Indian cities. Major National Highways that connect Himachal Pradesh to other important cities are NH No. 20, 21.

 

THE MAJOR PLACES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH
  • Dalhousie: Dalhousie standing at the foot of the spectacular Dhauladhar range of the Himalayas is a hill station of its own kind. Spread over five hills of Kathlog, Portreyn, Moti Tibba, Bakrota and Balun. Some of the famous places to visit in Dalhousie are Kalatope, Panchpulla, Satdhara, Dainkund and Figure of Eight of Portreyn.
  • Shimla: Shimla is a beautiful hill station in Himachal Pradesh and is also the capital of the state. The city derives its name from goddess Shyamla Devi. Apart from its natural attractions, Shimla is also famous for its architectural buildings, wooden crafts and apples. The Mall, the Gaiety Theatre, Himalayan Bird Park, Kufri, Chail, Nalderao, Fagu, Viceregal lodge, Himachal State Museum, Sanjauli, Temples and Daranghati Sanctuary are just some of the famous tourist spots of the hill station along with the water sports at Pabbar River.
  • Mandi: Mandi is yet another beautiful hill station apart from Shimla in Himachal Pradesh situated at the bank of the river Beas. Mandi got its name from the sage Mandava. It is popular for its 81 old stone temples and is also called as Varanasi of Hills.
  • Bilaspur: Bilaspur is often called as India's first planned hill station. There is heritage, religious places and adventure options that guarantees tourists with exceptional experience. Some of the important places to visit in Bilaspur are Bhakra Dam, Mandir Jalapa Mai Sangirathi, Lakshmi Narain Temple, Shri Naina Devi Ji, The Shrine of Markandeya
  • Chamba: Chamba is a beautiful town located in the valley of Himachal Pradesh, situated near river Ravi. Apart from its captivating beauty, it also houses many magnificent and ancient temples, which are a source of attraction for all tourists. Some of the locations to see in Chamba are Chamunda Devi Temple, Sui Mata Temple, Radha Krishna Temple, Harirai Temple, Sitaram Temple and Champavati Temple, Rangmahal, Bhuri Singh Museum.
  • Kullu and Manali: Kullu - Manali, often described as twin valley of Himachal Pradesh is a nature splendor. One of the popular hill stations of India, Kullu - Manali attracts huge number of tourists across the globe for its scenic beauty and adventurous sports. Kullu-Manali falls in the northwestern region of Himachal Pradesh that is surrounded by lush green valleys, gushing rivers, enchanting mountain lakes and blooming flower orchards.
  • Solan: Solan is a beautiful city in Himachal Pradesh named after goddess Shoolini. It is also known as mushroom city of India, as it has a dedicated mushroom cultivation center in chambaghat. The city is a must see destination in the months of winter due to heavy snowfall. It is also known as the industrial hub of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Dharamshala: Dharamshala is a land of Buddha as it is the shelter for Dalai lama, known for its beauty and nearness to nature, it is one of the most beautiful city in Himachal Pradesh. It is situated against the magnificent backdrop of the towering Dhauladhar ranges, which rise up to more than 4000 meters, Dharamshala, which literally means The Holy Refuge, lies perched up on the high slopes in the upper reaches of the Kangra valley and was founded by British East India company in 1855.

Besides these hill stations in Himachal Pradesh there are many other place that are worth visiting which includes Kinnaur Una, Hamirpur, Spiti valley, Lahul valley, Ponta sahib, Nahan, Kangra and Palampur.

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