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Gujarat Travel Guide


Gujarat is the westernmost state of India, a part of it projecting out into the Arabian Sea. It shares an international border with Pakistan in the northwest and common borders with the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, and the Union Territories of Diu, Daman and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Gujarat can be divided into three geographical regions: the eastern region that has the major cities of Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodra; the Saurashtra region between the Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch; the northern region of Kutch which is a salty desert.

The state is famous for its age-old palaces, famous temples, spectacular animals and birds in lush green forests as well as its vibrant colorful festivities.



The geography of Gujarat divides the state into 3 based on the physiography of the state :

  • Kutch
  • Saurashtra
  • Kathiawad

Kutch represents the northwestern region of the state. The Rann of Kutch falls in this region. A speciality of the Rann of Kutchch is that the area gets submerged in water during rainy season and during other seasons it becomes completely dry.

The Saurashtra region consists mainly of hilly tract sprinkled with low mountains. The mainland extending from the Rann of Kutch and the Aravalli Hills to the river Damanganga is on the whole a level plain of alluvial soil.

Only less than 10% of the total land area of Gujarat is covered by forest. Gir forests in Gujarat is the only place in India where one can find Asiatic Lions.



Best time to visit gujarat is from the month of october to the month of March, this the time when climate remains pleasant other wise weather reamins scroching hot in summers and chilling cold in winters.



Gujarat a vibrant and colorful state of india is often called as land of festivals. Consisting the city of Ayodhya, the birth place of Lord Rama, people here are very close to sprituallity and celebrate every festival with a heart of joy. There are around total 3500 samll and big festivals celebrated in gujarat. Few of the famous festivals celebrated in gujarat are listed below:

  • Kite Festival : This festival falls in the month of January and is one of most famous festival of Gujarat and attracts a thousand of kite lovers from across the world. This festival is mainly celebrated on the eve of Makarsankrati.
  • Modhera Dance Festival : The sun temple at Modhera in Mehsana district is dedicated to Lord Surya, the sun god, has its outer walls covered with sculptures in which the figures of Lord Surya are prominent. The beautiful Sun Temple acts as the backdrop during the festival of Indian classical dances held every year in January for three days.
  • Kutch Utsav : Rann or Kutch Utsav is a three to four days of cultural extravaganza organized at different locations within Kutch in Gujarat. The fair is like a mirror to the traditional art forms and culture of India. Rann Utsav is organized by the Gujarat tourism department to celebrate the diversity and uniqueness of the Kutch district.
  • Bhavnath Festival Mahashivratri : This festival is devoted to Lord Shiva and is celebrated in the temple of Bhavnath Mahadev which is located in the Junagarh district of Gujarat. The Bhavnath Fair is the main festival on the occasion of Shivaratri. The 'Mela' or the fair is the best place where the Hindu customs and beliefs are perceptible and is a 3 to 4 days fair.
  • Saptak Music Festival : A festival of Indian classical music usually conducted on the First week of January in Ahmedabad every year. The musical event is organized by a public charitable trust which runs the Saptak School of Music. This festival which spans the first 11 days of January showcases the best talents and presents as many as a hundred plus musicians with sincere commitment to standards.

Besides these major festivals there are few more festivals which are considered important in this state and are worth taking part in.



Gujarat is rich in its store of flora and fauna. The geography of Gujarat boasts of having a wide variety of flora and fauna which are spread throughout its length and breadth. In Gujarat, one can find as many as 500 varieties of mammals, more than 2000 species of birds, a wide range of insects, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, etc. - this aspect, indeed, makes Gujarat rich in terms of flora and fauna.

Flora in Gujarat includes a wide variety of vegetation. A wide range of climatic condition facilitates the prevalence of many types of flora. In Gujarat, we find more than 400 species of flora. The flora in Gujarat includes one of the largest dry deciduous forests in the western region of India, including trees like :

  • Teak
  • Boswellia serrata
  • Anogeissus latifolia
  • Diospyros, etc.
  • Owing to the arid climate, the flora and fauna of Gujarat also possess a wide range of xerophytes vegetation.


  • By Air : The state of Gujarat has 10 domestic airports and an international airport in the state capital Ahmedabad. All major airlines of India like Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Sahara, Spice Jet, Air Deccan, and Kingfisher Airlines have regular operations in the airports of Gujarat including Ahmedabad.
  • By Train : Extensive railways network runs through the state of Gujarat. The state is served by several important trains and connects the state to all major cities and states of India including all metro cities.
  • By Road : Total 68,900kms of roadways comprising of National Highways, State Highways and other roads run through the state connecting the major cities of the state with the rest of the country.


  • Ahmedabad : This is the largest city in Gujarat with lots of interesting places to visit. It is the former state capital of Gujarat and is also know as Amdavad and is situated at the bank of river Sabarmati.
  • The various attractions in Ahmedabad are Sabarmati Ashram, Jama Masjid, and Hathee Singh Temple, apart from these, there are many other tourist spots in Ahmedabad that are ought to visit.
  • Bhavnagar : Bhavnagar is fifth largest city of Gujarat and second largest city of Saurashtra. Bhavnagar is known as the cultural capital of Saurashtra. Bhavnagar is a coastal city, located in the eastern coast of Saurashtra, known as Kathiawar. Bhavnagar is city of education and culture, known as cultural capital of Saurashtra.
    Major tourist attraction of Bhavnagar is Takhteshwar Temple, Gandhi Smriti Museum, and Clock Tower & Gaurishankar Lake. Palitana, 56 kms from Bhavnagar is one of the most picturesque places of pilgrimage in India.
  • Bhuj : Bhuj is distinguished by its brightly decorated Hindu temples, beautiful palaces and intricately carved wooden pavilions. It is a paradise for handicraft lovers. The houses here are decorated both from inside as well as outside with linear reliefs made from mud and mirrors. Bhuj is famous for embroidery. The oldest museum of Gujarat is situated in Bhuj.
  • Champaner : Champaner was earlier the capital of the Chauhan Rajputs, who had their fort on 822 meter high Pavagadh peak, a holy place of pilgrimage. On the hill can be seen the old fort with it's superb rocky defenses, the Makai kota where the rulers kept their grain, the ruins of Patai Rawal palace, Naulakha Kotha Mansion, the 11th century Laukalish Temple, wells and numerous religious monuments.
  • Chhota Udepur : Chhota Udepur was among the three princely states of eastern Gujarat the other two were Devgadh Baria and Rajpipla. The original fortification in the town lies in ruins, overgrown with shrubs and creepers and Darbar Hall burnt down few years back. Many buildings were built in early 1920's, around this fortification, in the fashion of big mansions of Bombay, by the relatives of the ruler.
  • Porbandar : Porbandar, situated at the end of Saurashtra is a picturesque seaport on the Arabian Sea having pleasant beaches with beach villas. Birthplace of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, Porbandar is an intermediate seaport on the southwest coast of Saurashtra. To commemorate the birth of Gandhiji, a 79 feet high imposing building has been built in an otherwise simple lane of the city where Bapu was born in 1869 AD.

Apart from these important cities in Gujarat, there are many other cities that are worth visiting and have many historical monuments as we know Gujarat is a city of monuments and is well know for its culture and tradition that are still alive some where in the heart of people residing there.

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