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Goa Travel Guide

ABOUT GOA

Goa is smallest states and most beautiful tourist place of India. Goa is situated in the bankof Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is the richest state . While Panaji is the state's capital, Vasco da Gama is the largest city and the destination for the railway vide tourists from different places in the country.Goa is most popular among travel tourists. However, when you think of goa, the only thing come to the mind is probably about the Goa beaches. Nobody can deny the fact that Goa has the best beaches in the world, but enjoyment in Goa is far more beyond that as the experience Goa can give is multi-dimensional.

  • Beaches in Goa :
    The best spot to hangout enchanting exotic beauty is go to beaches in Goa where you can rejuvenate yourself . Anjuna Beach is popular for its exciting beach parties, whether Baga beach is famous for its water fencing facilities, and walking along the Arambol beach is famous In jogger’s view.
  • Temples in Goa :
    Goa is also a place for many religions who seek for fervently spiritual worship. Some of the most famous temples in Goa are Shree Mallikarjun Temple, The Hari Mandir, Mahalaxmi Temple, Ram Mandir, Bodhgeshwar Temple.

 

PHYSIOGRAPHY

Physiographically, Goa can be broadly divided into four divisions. The Eastern hill ranges forming a part of the Western Ghats, occupy the Talukas Sattari in the North, Ponda in central Goa and Canacona & Sanguem in the South. The central rolling to swelling uplands occupies parts of Pernem, Bicholim, Ponda, Eastern Sanguem and Quepem. This division comprises of valley lands under paddy agriculture. The flood plains of Mandovi and Zuari rivers are in flanked by the coastal plains and rolling uplands in the East and South East. The marshy paddy lands locally termed as 'Khazan' are situated in these flood plains. The Coastal plains can be pragmatic in the coastal talukas of Tiswadi, Mormugao, Bardez and Salcete.

 

BEST TIME VISIT
  • Goa is laded with intense rains and burly winds during monsoons between June and September.
  • Summers From March to May, are hot and very humid, unlike fall and winter.
  • Winters From November to March, are mild and pleasurable.

The finest time to tour Goa is during winter season, from November to March. This is definitely the peak tourist season of the state.The new year is also celebrated with high morale and enthusiasm variant these period.

 

FAIRS & FESTIVALS

Festivals in Goa are expression of its multicultural population that celebrates a number of holidays and festivals through the year. As some of the Festivals in Goa are celebrated on a state level, those are affirmed as national holidays, during which even banks and post offices may stay closed. While the religion based festivals are celebrated in Goa on set dates, Muslim and Hindu religious festivals tag on the lunar calendar and their dates keep on changing from year to year. The people of Goa just need a cause to get together and celebrate with friends and family and the festival calendar of Goa does not dissatisfy them at all. Year round over the moon celebrations are a brand of this coastal heaven of India. Given below is a list of well-liked festivals of goa, events and religious celebrations that celebrates throughout the year. The list also includes some neighboring village events.

Goa has majority in population of being hindu, Goa has score of festivals celebrated through the year. Most of the festivals of Goa are Jatras (feasts) of the local or family divinity celebrated at the temple, called Devasthan. There is gala affair in the temple complex with thousands of devotees celebrating the colourful celebrations and the palakhi or palanquin parade.

 

FLORA & FAUNA

The flora and fauna of Goa is a jumble rich in biodiversity. Goa has a forest cover of 1,424 sq kms. Most of it - 33% of the geographic area is under government forests (1224.38 km2), of which about 62% has been bring under Protected Areas (PA) of Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park - is take over by the Government and is located in the core eastern regions of Goa. The Western Ghats, which figure most of eastern Goa have been internationally accepted as one of the biodiversity attractions of the world.

 

HOW TO REACH
  • By Air : Goa airport is (Dabolim Airport distance of 29 km away from Panaji.) International airport and It is also connected with all major cities in India and also have flights connecting to Qatar, Dubai, Sharjah , Kuwait ,Britain, Germany ,Russia and more.
  • By Train : Goa Railway station (Vasco da Gama) is linking major city northern coast and southern coast.
  • By Road : Every day deluxe bus services are obtainable from Mumbai (fare about 650 -900) and nearest city.

 

THE MAJOR PLACES IN GOA
  • Panaji : Panaji is the official capital of Goa. It was Panjim when Portuguese used to rule there and was one of the three vital Portuguese cities along with Velha Goa (Old Goa) and Margao. Though it began as a community of Velha Goa it ended up becoming the capital of Goa in 1843. It is also one of India's token and most pleasant state capitals. TheIdalcao Palace was once the stronghold of the Adil Shahis of Bijapur. It served as the Viceregal Palace until 1759 after the Portuguese rebuilt it in 1615. In 1843 it house the secretariat and now built as the Passport office. The Chapel of St Sebastian is a moderately new configuration that was constructed in the 1880's. It has the crucifix that was initially in the Palace of investigation in Velha Goa.
  • Vasco-Da-Gama : The town of Vasco-da-Gama was formerly called Sambhaji. This spick and content, and geometrically designed well laid out coastal town widely known as Vasco is also the oldest railway limit for passenger serviceVasco is a key shipping center, with container vessels and iron ore barges blockig the river mouth, but doesn’t grip anything of interest for visitors. The only usual reasons for tourists to come to Vasco is to board a bus to Dabolim airport, or the Bogmalo beach that deceit 8-km southeast. Its city center is conquered by daunting multi-storied buildings and a church.
  • Margao : Margao is Goa's second largest city and profitable metropolitan area of Salcete taluka in South Goa. It retains appearance of Goa’s Portuguese colonial past yet, and is linked to the rest of the Indian sub-continent by rail. Margao is the control center of South Goa District and is measured the main commercial city of Goa. It is well-known for its antique cultural heritage and conventional civilization of the people of Goa. tourist attractions in Margao are the Holy Spirit Church founded in 1565 with the typical cross built in front of the church a century before. The large rectangular 'Jorge Barreto' Park in face of the colonial-styled building with its domed corridors is a visible attribute. Chandreshwar Bhutnath Temple and the Rachol Seminary are also significance visit.
  • Ponda : The town of Ponda can simply be measured the heart of Hinduism in Goa. For when the Hindus discarded their coastal settlement and stirred inland during the investigation, a majority of them advanced in Ponda. Ponda is now a transportation heart and some of the best temples in Goa are situated here. A few small factories and industrial estates have sprung up on the outer edge of the town due to its closeness to some of Goa’s prevalent iron ore mines. It has fewer hotels as compared to Panaji and Margao and most restaurants provide vegetarian food. TheSafa Masjid is Goa's best-preserved sixteen-century Muslim tribute. It was constructed by Adil Shah in 1560 and is also known as theShri Mangesh. The temple has a seven-storey lamp tower (which is a unique trait of Hindu temples in Goa), a Nandi bull (Lord Shiva's conveyance), as well as shrines to Parvati and Lord Ganesha. The Mahalsa Narayani Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's consort Laxmi, though some people believe it is the Lord Vishnu's female form Mohini. The Shantadurga Temple is dedicated to Durga. Shant means peace and Durga evidently mediated a clash between Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu, bringing peace to the world; in the temple she is depicted in between the two deities.The Nagesh Temple is devoted to a form of Lord Shiva, Nagesh, the God of serpents. There is an dedication here dating the temple back to 1413, which was reconstructed some time in the 18th century. This temple also has a lamp tower, five floors high. There are woodcarvings depicting scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. There is a Nandi bull, Lord Shiva's vahana or transportation as well as shrines to Lord Ganesha and Laxmi-Narayan.
  • Mapusa : Mapusa’s main state to fame is its famous sukra bazar where people of Goa come to buy and sell their crafts and other attributes. It is otherwise a small town forming the core of north Goa. It's location as the lapping point of all overland routes in Bardez taluka as well as its closeess to the Rio de Mapusa, (the Mapusa River, which in ancient times was a much known waterway for transport of farming products and spices) has enabled it to increase a commercial status of sorts.
  • Velha Goa : Velha Goa or Old Goa grew as the second capital of the Bijapur territory though all that residue of that era today are common cells of the Gateway, part of the wall that bounded the Sultan's palace. The Portuguese colonization of Goa with Alfonso de Albuquerque’s triumph over the Sultan's services also began here. The ruins of the Towers of St. Augustine are located near the St. Augustine church. They initially consisted of eight chapels, a convent and one of the best libraries in Goa, which decomposed because they were discarded in 1835 due to religious fanaticism and maltreatment. The Basilica of Bom Jesus has been stated a World Heritage Site. It contains the remains of St Francis Xavier, Goa's patron saint who founded the Jesuit regulate. The Se Cathedral, devoted to St Catherine, is the principal church in Goa. Its construction began in 1562 under the reign of King Dom Sebastiao though it was finally completed by 1652. The Church of the St Francis of Assisi was constructed by eight Franciscan Friars in 1517. It has engraved woodwork, murals with scenes from the life of St Francis and the floor is finished mostly of gravestones that date from the 16th century. The Viceroy's Arch was built at the end of the 16th century to memorialize the centenary of Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India.

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